What about hardware for the Server at Home?

The basic selection criteria for a home server are data security, speed, energy consumption and noise. Components should be chosen based on these four criteria.
The Server at Home requires relatively hardware. A simple setup has as advantage that it is cheap, still quit fast and will still run Ubuntu Server as a champ. High throughput to and from that server is relatively important because of large files such as hogh definition movies that are sometime more that  ten gigabytes large.

The Motherboard

The amount of storage required for your Home Server will influence the size of the case for the server. Home Server uns with a SSD as main disk. For storage 2GB Western Digital Green disks are used. This will require three ATA ports on the motherboard. If your need more disks select a board with more ATA ports.

Energy Consumption and Speed

The choice of the motherboard has great affect on speed energy consumption and speed of the Home Server. The current home server is based on a ASRock E350M1 motherboard, it uses an AMD processor. Really important to me is file transfer speed. With this motherboard file transfer speed of 70-90 MByte per second are reached on the Gigabit Ethernet network. This is 75% of the maximum reachable speed of the total. A faster processor will not increase this a lot.
Power consumption of the total system is about 25W. The yearly cost of the energy is about €2 per year for each W used continuously. Currently the J1900 looks promising with an heat dissipation of maximum 10W. On the total system this could save possibly 5-10W. Its not worth the investment.

Noise and data security

If noise is important a motherboard with passive components, e.g. without fans, is a good choice. No fans is also good for reliability of the server. Fans have a known issue when time goes by!

Case

The case of the server should fit the space you have chosen to put your server in. Also the amount of storage you require can make an impact on the size of the case. Try to use a case that use only the fan of the power supply to generate airflow in the case. It will reduce the total noise the server will make.

Power Supply

The power consumption of Home Server is about 24 Watts. Each disk will add about 5 watt. With four disks power requirement will be about 50W. Maybe some safety of 50W for rush in currents as disks start and stop is good and gives a total of 100W as a maximum.
The selected power supply for Home Server is a BeQuit Pure Power 300W. This power supply has an efficiency of over 80%. Also it is very quiet. Any power supply of about 100W with sufficient efficiency will do for home server.

Assembling the components

The assembly of the parts is an accurate job. Look at fans in the case. Some fans are only producing noise. Remember the low heat dissipation in the server because of the choosen efficient components. Put memory on the motherboard before mounting the board in the cabinet. Mount support pillars in the bottom of the cabinet. Make sure to mount the fitting at the back of the case correctly and so ensure that the connectors on the motherboard fit neatly on the shelf at the back. Screw the motherboard onto the previously mounted pillars..

The power supply can now be mounted in the cabinet. Place it in the slot in the cabinet with the fan down. Fasten the power supply with four screws.

The SSD can best be fitted in place of the CD-ROM drive bay. We do not require a CDROM player. There is need for some extra mounting hardware. The available 3.5″ bay’s remain available for hard disks.

Then, it is important to connect the different cables to the components in the cabinet. Using the included booklets and some puzzling is that with an hour of each other. Thereafter, the system can be put into use.

The table below shows the cost of the hardware used again:

 

Part Budget
Moederbord AMD Asrock E350M1 € 63
Cooler Master Elite 120 Advanced € 42
Kingston 8Gb € 33
Sandisk Standard 64GB € 54
Power Supply BeQuit Pure Power 300W € 45
Totaal € 237

A small UPS is available for about €80. Harddisks can be chosen as required. The end result is a nice server that will mange your data at home for a reasonable price.

Laatst bijgewerkt op 6 november 2016